There are few things worse when it comes to your beauty regimen than finding bouts of acne breaking out all over your face. Especially those horrible little black and white spots which never seem to go away, no matter how hard you try! It’s tough to work out exactly where acne breakouts comes from and what you can do if you want to get rid of them.
In this complete guide to blackheads and whiteheads we will explore what they are, how they happen and how you can get rid of them. By the end of this post you will be a blackhead and whitehead expert… although you may not want everyone in the world to know about your new found expertise!
What are Blackheads?
Blackheads are small bumps which appear on your skin. They appear due to an overactive oil gland which gets clogged with sebum, tiny hair strands, dead skin cells and sometimes bacteria. When everything gets clogged up it hardens and forms a “plug”. When light and air make contact with the opening of the pore it oxidizes and turns black, which gives it the name “blackhead”.
What are Whiteheads?
Whiteheads are very similar to blackheads as they are made up of a lot of the same things. The only difference is that they only have a tiny opening on the skin surface. As the inner components don’t come into contact with the air it retains its white color.
What Causes Blackheads and Whiteheads
There are many different potential causes to blackheads and whiteheadsand this isn’t an exhaustive list. But by reading through this list you’ll get an idea of some of the common potential causes of the blackheads which are plaguing you at the minute.
- The hormonal changes you experience during puberty, pregnancy and during menstrual cycles often cause the sebaceous glands to produce more oil. These glands are underneath the skin and the extra oil may clog your pores, setting up the perfect conditions for blackheads and whiteheads to form.
- If you spend a lot of time in a humid environment you will often find that you are more prone to breakouts. This is because the sweat absorbs into your pores, leading to breakouts of blackheads and whiteheads.
- Some skin products add oil to the skin and assist in clogging up the pores. Many cosmetic products, such as foundations and compacts, can really clog up pores and cause acne breakouts. This is sometimes made worse by the fact that many women apply extra makeup to conceal breakouts.
There are other potential causes but these are the most common and all have a very similar theme running through them. It is important to stop your pores getting clogged if you want to avoid breakouts in future. As you may suspect, prevention is certainly better than cure – and we’ll look at how to prevent blackheads and whiteheads now.
How to Prevent Blackheads and Whiteheads?
It might sounds boring but it is incredibly simple – you need a good skincare regimen! You need to cleanse your skin once a day to ensure that excess sebum and dead skin cells are removed. Dermpura is a skin cleanser which you can use remove the oils, dirt and makeup which put you at risk of blackheads and whiteheads. It is important to recognize that these breakouts can occur anywhere, so you need to cleanse thoroughly.
When you are choosing your makeup you will often be told to look for products labeled “non-comedogenic” – which basically means they don’t clog pores. It’s advisable to look a little deeper at the product as non-comedogenic is an unregulated term and does not indicate that a product has been tested. While it is likely that the products have been tested because a company would not want bad reviews if the product doesn’t work, the term is no guarantee. The best guidelines to follow before you choose your makeup are:
- It is best to avoid products with a thick or creamy texture as it is more likely that they will clog your pores.
- When choosing products it is best to choose gels, light serums and fluids as they are less likely to cause blackheads and whiteheads.
- It is best to avoid products containing irritants such as alcohol or peppermint. Irritants can cause other problems as well as blackheads and whiteheads so it is always worth choosing products which don’t include them.
Contrary to popular opinion, it has been suggested that it will not make things worse if you use makeup to conceal breakouts as long as you are careful about the products you choose. Apaper released by Dr Hayashi in 2005 observed 18 women with acne who used makeup to conceal their acne. There were no negative effects on their skin and acne dropped by 40% on average. While there wasn’t a control group, it is safe to suggest that applying makeup is OK as long as you take care over the products chosen and you fully cleanse your skin at least once a day.
How to Remove Blackheads and Whiteheads?
While prevention is the best way to deal with blackheads and whiteheads, sometimes you need to go for the cure. Depending on the potential underlying cause, you may need to see a doctor to offer you prescription medication. If it is hormonal imbalances which are the underlying cause then you will need to be prescribed a treatment because any other treatment will only have a temporary effect. Often birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy will be used as a treatment.
Some people attempt to removeblackheads and whiteheads by squeezing them – this is not recommended. If you squeeze blackheads and whiteheads you risk causing damage to the skin, which is something you do not want to do. It is best to use products which are kinder to the skin and won’t cause any kind of long-term damage.
If you are looking to remove blackheads without causing trauma to your skin then you need to take a lot of care over your skin care regimen. A common way many people attempt to remove blackheads is to exfoliate and by using chemical peels. In the past you would have to go and see a professional for these kind of treatments but now you can carry them out at home very easily.
It is important that you are incredibly careful when you carry out these treatments. It is very easy to over-exfoliate if you aren’t careful and this can cause a whole host of problems on its own. You do not want to use peel-off masks more than once every 3 days otherwise you run the risk of causing harm to your skin.
One brilliant treatment is Zeroblem which is a concentrated spot treatment which quickly soothes and treats acne. It dissolves the oils on the skin surface in order to speed up healing. It removes dead skin cells and dirt while fully cleaning and disinfecting the target area. It does all of this without stripping away the much needed moisture found inside your skin.
While you are working to remove your blackheads and whiteheads you need to ensure that you start to build a routine which will you avoid suffering from them again. Using products like Dermpura is a good way to do that, as is looking at the potential harm which your makeup may cause.
Blackheads and whiteheads are an annoying part of life for many people at the moment. It seems as though no matter what they do, these unsightly spots pop up out of nowhere without any kind of warning. Once you understand what they are and how they are caused it is much easier to get an idea of how you can start to remove them.
The most important thing to remember is that prevention is better than cure when it comes to skin care. There is no way to instantly remove blackheads and whiteheads but it is more than possible to make sure that they never appear in the first place. The best course of action when it comes to acne is to put in place a skin care regimen which helps to avoid them in future while using products to remove them in the short term.
It is also important to get in touch with a doctor if you find yourself affected by them over and over again. If you are suffering from acne caused by hormonal issues then you will need to be prescribed a treatment which can help solve the problem.
If you are suffering heavily from blackheads and whiteheads it can feel as though there is no way to fix the problem. As you can see in this post, there are many routes you can take to resolve the problem once you know how the problem is caused. Now that you know what you need to do, you can start to move forward and banish blackheads and whiteheads from your life forever!