Normal Skin

Normal Skin: Learn Ways to Take Care of Your Skin

What is Normal Skin?

Normal skin is the rarest skin type. During puberty, our skin is oilier, and as we become older our skin starts drying out. Skin type is determined by factors like:

  • Lipid content – Plays an important role in skin’s nutrition and softness.
  • Water content – affects the elasticity of the skin.
  • The level of sensitivity – refers to the ability of skin to tolerate some substances.

Normal skin has a proper amount of lipid content and water. Water is necessary for healthy skin and its maintenance, but having an adequate level of water in the skin’s layers is not enough to keep it hydrated and elastic; the skin needs lipids. Normal skin also contains a healthy amount of lipids, which prevents evaporation of the water. A healthy ratio of lipids to water improves skin’s elasticity, which reduces fine lines and wrinkles. Additionally, normal skin is not prone to severe reactions to some substances. Reactions to certain products are displayed through stinging, tightness, rash, irritations, itch, etc.

What Are Good Signs of Normal Skin?

Normal skin is characterized by:

Good Signs of Normal Skin
  • Lack of imperfections – unlike other skin types, people with normal skin do not have acne or oily or flaky skin. Women are prone to getting acne before menstruation, but that is a hormonal change, not a skin condition.
  • No sensitivity – this skin type does not develop severe sensitivity to various substances. People with normal skin usually don’t have reactions to lotions, fragrances, etc.
  • No large pores – enlarged pores are the result of the increased production of skin oil. Large pores can often lead to the appearance of blemishes and acne. Normal skin is characterized by pores that are barely visible.
  • Healthy Complexion – people with normal skin have a radiant complexion, which means the skin on their face is not dull, dry, pale or flushed. Additionally, healthy complexion is categorized by a healthy glow, which is the result of hydration and adequate level of lipids.
  • Better aging process – due to healthy structure, people with normal skin age better than people with other types of skin. Normal skin is characterized by small pores and the right balance between oily and dry. Dry skin seems dull because of cracks on the skin’s surface, rashes, and unhealthy complexion, all of which induce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. On the other hand, oily skin has thicker lines and deep pores. Large and deep pores make skin seem significantly older and make them prone to inflammations and swelling. People with normal skin have no such conditions, hence they age better than those with other skin types.

How Does Normal Skin Look?

Normal skin has a healthy glow and is more elastic than other skin types. The skin is smooth, and there are no imperfections. Children and pre-adolescents usually have normal skin, but it is rather uncommon in adults. However, it is not impossible for adults to have normal skin or close to it with the proper treatment. In order to find out whether your skin type is normal or not, you should try to answer these questions:

  • Is your skin smooth and of healthy complexion?
  • Do you have an unhealthy skin tone?
  • Do you have rashes or red patches on the skin?
  • Are you prone to acne or other skin conditions?
  • Is your skin easily irritated by new skin products?
  • Is your T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) overly oily?
  • Are your pores visible?

Answering these questions will give you insight about your skin. Also, you can always visit a dermatologist and ask them to diagnose your skin type and recommend the proper treatment. Alternatively, you can determine whether your skin is normal or not by following these steps:

  • First, wash your face and pat it until it’s dry. Make sure you remove all makeup before washing your face.
  • Then wait for 60 minutes in order to give your skin some time to return to its natural state. Tip: do not touch your face.
  • Take a tissue and dab your face with it (especially your T-zone). If there are no greasy or flaky traces on the tissue, the chances are your skin type is normal. Oily skin will show greasy traces on tissue while the dry skin will leave flakes of dead skin cells.

Ways to take Care of Normal Skin

With the proper treatment, everyone can get smooth, healthy skin with a radiant complexion. You get and take care of normal skin by following these tips:

  • Clean your face gently every day using gentle soaps or products that do not contain a high level of alcohol.
  • Moisturize your skin with a natural moisturizer that is based on plant ingredients (lavender, avocado etc.).
  • Treat acne – it doesn’t show up only on adolescents’ faces(teen acne); adults are prone to acne too. Dermatologists often prescribe benzoyl peroxide Retin-A or retinol.
  • Check your skin regularly. This is recommended because during regular self-checks you are able to notice irregularities or imperfections on your skin. Noticing any kind of change on your face will increase the chances of successful treatment.
  • Choose sunscreen products wisely – do not buy products according to the brand or price. Before every purchase make sure the product is right for your skin. Choosing the right products will reduce the risk of irritation or other reactions which could damage your skin.
Skin Aging
  • Treat rednessredness is a very common condition which can be reduced by purchasing products for sensitive skin or anti-redness serums. Eliminating redness is an important step to a well-balanced skin with a healthy complexion.
  • Eliminate flaky spots by purchasing creams or moisturizers in order to hydrate your skin and reduce drying effects. Proper treatment will reduce the amount of flaky and scaly skin while nourishing your face and returning its healthy look.

Dos and Don’ts for Normal Skin

  • DO wear sunscreen – The Sun’s damaging rays can harm your skin, induce the appearance of wrinkles, and speed up the aging process. Therefore, make sure you protect your skin prior to going out.
  • DO hydrate – drinking a lot of water is always beneficial for your skin.
  • DO clean your face properly every day and apply nourishing creams.
  • DO eat healthy food and try to eliminate junk food from your diet.
  • DON’T smoke – smoking interrupts regular blood flow, which has consequences on the structure of your skin. In order to have a healthy, normal skin, avoid tobacco smoke.
  • DON’T drink alcohol – just like it is damaging to other organs, it is harmful to your biggest organ – the skin. Alcohol can dry out your skin and cause unhealthy tone.
  • DON’T go to bed with your makeup on. Not removing makeup before bed can result in your pores adapting to its residue, which will eventually enlarge them. Also, sleeping with your makeup on can dry out the skin and make it look unhealthy.
  • DON’T expose your face to direct heat.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ’s)

Does Diet Play a role in the Normal Skin?
The food you include in your diet plays an important role in your skin’s structure. Some foods can damage your skin. Regular intake of unhealthy foods can promote skin aging. Instead of relying on junk food and takeout it would be wise to include these ingredients into your diet: apricots, carrots, spinach, blueberries, tomatoes, peas, beans, lentils, salmon and other fish, and nuts. However, dermatologists suggest that instead of focusing solely on food for the skin, people should concentrate on eating healthy in general. All healthy foods have a positive influence on the quality of one’s skin, and eliminating junk food from diet is a step in a right direction.

Can Moisturizer Help me have Normal Skin?

Ellen Marmur

Moisturizers can prevent your skin from becoming oily or dry. People with dry skin should purchase moisturizers that are oil-based with ingredients that will hydrate their skin. Petrolatum-based moisturizers are always recommended. On the other hand, people with oily skin should go for water-based products which are labeled as noncomedogenic (they don’t clog pores). People with sensitive skin should buy moisturizers with soothing ingredients. When you use the moisturizer, that is right for your skin type you are allowing your skin to receive proper treatment. The result is healthy skin that isn’t prone to damage.

Is pH and Normal Skin Connected?
Normal skin is directly connected to pH level and depends on the balance of acidity and alkalinity. The acid mantle is a barrier that retains lipids and moisture on the skin while eliminating pollution, toxins, and germs at the same time. The acid mantle should be slightly acidic, with a pH level of 5.5. When the acid mantle is too alkaline the skin can become sensitive, dry, and prone to damage. Even though it’s uncommon for skin to be too acidic, it can happen; the result is inflamed, red, and painful skin. Good pH balance impacts the skin. Therefore it is recommended that you consult your dermatologist and ask them about the pH balance of your skin in order to get the proper treatment and maintain a normal complexion.

Is Normal Skin more Prone to Skin Conditions?
Due to the healthy ratio of water and lipids, normal skin usually is not prone to developing various skin conditions. Normal skin doesn’t have a high chance of irritation, rash, or acne.

Are Acne and Normal Skin Connected?

Acne and Normal Skin

Even though acne breakout is usually related to oily skin, it is possible but not common for people with normal skin to get them. In order to prevent and treat acne you need to use light lotions (avoid lotions with high levels of alcohol), regular washing, and moisturizing. It is important to avoid harsh soaps which will irritate the skin. However, people with normal skin are among the lucky ones, because the chances of dealing with acne are very low. Sometimes a pimple can pop out from time to time, but this usually only occurs in women prior menstruation.

Are all Products Suitable for Normal Skin?
Normal skin is not prone to the irritation induced by certain products or substances. However, this skin type requires the use of suitable products in order to retain the balance it has. Suitable products have a positive effect on the function and structure of the skin. They maintain the proper ratio of water and lipids which is needed for the proper function of all layers of the skin. Therefore, in order to maintain healthy and natural skin, it is advised that you use mild soaps, toners, moisturizers and lotions that are based on natural ingredients.

Conclusion
Normal skin is the rarest skin type and usually appears only in children and pre-adolescents. However, it is possible to have normal skin with proper treatment. Every skin condition can be treated with products designed for that condition or with advice from a dermatologist. Additionally, it is always a good idea to stay away from sun’s damaging radiation, hydrate, and clean your face regularly.

References:

  1. Caputo, R., & Peluchetti, D. (1977). The junctions of normal human epidermis: A freeze-fracture study. Journal of Ultrastructure Research.
  2. Ro BI, Dawson TL. The role of sebaceous gland activity and scalp micro¯oral metabolism in the etiology of seborrheic dermatitis and dandru€. J Investigative Dermatol SP.
  3. Gawkrodger DJ. Dermatology, An Illustrated Colour Text. 3rd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2002.
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