Hyperpigmentation is a common condition and in most cases, it is harmless. Some areas or patches of the skin become darker in color, compared to surrounding skin. This is primarily caused by too much melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin color. The skin issue can affect anyone, regardless of age and skin color.
The most common type is age spots which are also called liver spots. These are caused by sun damage and are usually found on areas of the skin that are commonly exposed to sunlight (face, hands, nape, neck, etc.). Hormonal changes can also cause darkening of the skin, like in the case of pregnancy, which causes what is called the “mask of pregnancy,” and darkened skin on the abdominal area as well. Aside from pregnancy, this can also occur in women who are taking birth control pills. Other outside causes like injuries to the skin and scars from surgery can also cause changes in skin color.
Treatment Options for Hyperpigmentation
The most popular option for treating hyperpigmentation is the use of prescription creams. These products usually contain hydroquinone, which bleaches the skin and lightens darkened skin patches. Hydroquinone works by slowing down the production of melanin in the skin, gradually fading dark spots until it matches the individual’s normal skin color. Just be careful when using products with this active ingredient, because there is a high risk of adverse effects. Some studies have even linked it to cancer.
Another treatment option is the use of laser technology. There are several laser treatments that are designed to address hyperpigmentation issues. These procedures essentially work by removing excess skin pigment. One example is intense pulsed light (IPL), also known as a Photofacial, which is usually recommended by medical professionals. However, side effects are possible, and you could end up with a worse discoloration problem.
What About a Skin Brightening Cream?
A skin brightening cream can help treat hyperpigmentation, and there are even formulations that have the same effects as prescription creams. You just need to be careful in choosing a product, and make sure it doesn’t contain harsh ingredients. Look for a product that is formulated with gentle and natural ingredients that can fade discolorations, dark spots and blemishes safely. The top formulations also contain antioxidant Vitamins for anti-aging effects.
Other Treatment Options for Hyperpigmentation
Chemical peels are also popular for treating hyperpigmentation. One example is called a TCA peel or a deeper penol peel. Make sure to deal with an experienced clinician, as this can cause pigment irregularities and scarring when done incorrectly. Another option that you can consider is the use of an exfoliating product, but this is best used in conjunction with a skin brightening cream. It will promote cellular turnover, which is ideal if you want to fade hyperpigmentation in your face and at the same time restore the youthful properties of your skin.
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- Age Spot and Pigment Brightening Serum
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