Under-eye fine lines and wrinkles can catch you by surprise. They’re like sneaky little ninjas that appear out of nowhere to steal your smooth skin. But don’t raise the white flag just yet because you can counter-attack and fight the signs of aging. The good news is that a lot can be added to your skin care arsenal to delay their appearance significantly. In this article, we will take a closer look at under-eye fine lines and wrinkles, one of the most common signs of skin aging.
What Are Under-Eye Fine Lines and Wrinkles?
Under-Eye fine lines and wrinkles are simply age lines that appear due to several causes, such as sun exposure and improper skin care. Take note that these aging signs can also affect younger individuals and not just folks beyond their 30s. They are often called “crow’s feet” or “smile lines”, which are ridges, folds or creases of the skin around the eyes.
Fine lines and wrinkles around the eyes are quite a bit obvious, despite dabbing them with a concealer. When you have this condition, you will notice the following:
- Lines and creases on your skin – Although wrinkles feel like they just appear without warning, they don’t just show up suddenly. They start as minor lines around your face and gradually become deeper and bigger – you probably just did not notice them.
- Sagging skin – eventually, the skin’s flexibility diminishes to a point that it will start to sag, which will lead to eye bags and puffiness.
Skin around your eyes is a lot thinner than skin elsewhere on the body, so it is more prone to
Several factors are known to contribute to the development of under-eye fine lines and wrinkles; some are preventable and others aren’t. Watch out for these factors if you don’t want to look older than you really are:
- Age – fine lines and wrinkles are a natural part of the aging process. They appear first in the eye area it is thin and delicate. Additionally, the skin’s production of natural oils decreases with aging, which further speeds up the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
- Exposure To Harmful Uv Rays – studies have shown that the radiation from the sun or ultraviolet rays is among the main causes of skin aging. These harmful rays damage the connective tissues of the skin (collagen and elastin fibers). The connective tissues, which are found in the deeper layer of the skin, become less flexible and they lose strength over time, which eventually causes premature wrinkling and sagging.
- Smoking – not only is this bad habit is harmful to your lungs, but it also has negative effects on your skin. Tobacco smoke causes an insufficiency of oxygen supplied to the skin, which leads to blood vessel occlusion and tissue ischemia. It also causes a decrease of innate immunity that degrades collagen. Nicotine replacement is a little safer, but it still inhibits inflammation, induces vasoconstriction, and delays wound healing – which still causes rapid aging of the skin.
- Repeating Facial Expressions – some facial movements, such as smiling and squinting, can accelerate the development of wrinkles. When certain muscles are used, grooves can form underneath the skin’s surface. As you get older, the skin becomes more and more inflexible, causing it to lose its resiliency.
- Other Causes – under-eye fine lines and wrinkles can also be caused by other reasons, such as chemical exposure, pollution, drug use, stress, dehydration, vitamin E deficiency, etc.
Collagen and Your Aging Skin
Under-eye fine lines, wrinkles and other aging signs appear because of declining collagen level – a natural occurrence as you get older. Collagen is an essential protein that makes up connective tissue and it plays a vital role when it comes to the skin’s elasticity. When you are young, your skin replaces and repairs damaged collagen very quickly, but it loses this ability as you get older. To address this aging problem and reduce aging signs, there are several methods that can be used.
The Best Treatment Options
There are several treatment options for under-eye fine lines and wrinkles that you can try. Choosing one depends on your budget and preferences.
- Topical Retinoids – these are applied directly to the skin and they gradually reduce fine lines and wrinkles. This option comes with some risks and makes your skin burn quicker so you need to be more careful when you’re outdoors. You can wear protective clothing, such as hats and sunglasses, wear sunscreen, and use an antioxidant serum for optimum protection from the sun’s UV rays.
- Anti-Wrinkle Formulations – the effectiveness of these topical products depend on the active ingredients they contain. Good thing that today, the technology behind anti-wrinkle creams and serums just keeps getting better. We now have:
- Creams infused with peptides that work just like Botox
- Fruit stem cells or complexes that temporarily fill in lines and relax facial muscles
- Collagen and elastin-stimulating ingredients that help increase the levels of collagen and elastin in the body for smoother, tighter skin
- Hyaluronic acid to plump up skin and smooth fine lines and wrinkles
Prescription formulas are typically more potent, but there are highly effective over-the-counter formulations as well.
- Chemical Peels – this procedure entails the use of chemicals to “burn” the skin’s outer layer, which triggers its renewal process. They can cause redness and the recovery can take a few weeks, but the results are considerable. Do-it-yourself products are now available, but caution must be taken as there are formulas that are too harsh. To ensure your safety, look for products that only use clinically proven natural ingredients.
- Soft Tissue Fillers – injected into target areas, collagen, fat and hyaluronic acid plump and smooth out age lines and wrinkles gradually. The only problem is that the effect is temporary so you would need it done every few months.
The results from these treatment options vary depending on the severity of fine lines and wrinkles. Take note that most of these are just temporary solutions so you have to use the products continuously or get the procedure done every few weeks or months.
Under-Eye Fine Lines and Wrinkles Do’s and Don’ts
- DO use facial moisturizers that contain hyaluronic acid, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants like Stemuderm Anti-wrinkle Treatment. It pampers skin with hydrating nutritive conditioners and has hyaluronic acid to plump away fine lines around the eyes, frown lines, laugh lines, and crow’s feet. Infused with powerful peptides, Stemuderm may inhibit repetitive muscle contractions to prevent unsightly signs of skin aging. It also encourages skin renewal and makes skin youthful and feels velvety smooth.
- DO use topical formulas with advanced anti-aging antioxidants, such as eriobotrya japonica extract and oxido reductases – they are proven to help protect the skin from sun damage.
- DO exfoliate regularly because this promotes the renewal of skin cells, which eliminates skin dullness and helps restore its youthful glow.
- DO a thorough research before buying a topical formula. There are many products being sold today that are ineffective and some contain potentially harmful ingredients.
- DO follow the product directions of an anti-wrinkle cream carefully; improper use can result in less considerable results and may even lead to side effects.
- DO use natural formulations that utilize clinically proven skin lightening ingredients. This way, there will be minimal risk of side effects.
- DON’T just rely on the SPF included in your concealer, face poweder or foundation. This is not enough and you still need to apply regular sunscreen if you want optimum protection from sun damage. Try Dermaxsol Dermal Defense Moisturizer, a daily moisturizing sunscreen with broad spectrum SPF 30 that is great for all skin types. Dermaxsol is hydrating and fast-absorbing facial moisturizer and sunscreen that gives skin a protective layer it needs against photo aging and the sun’s harmful UV rays.
- DON’T use hydroquinone creams because they are linked to many side effects, and can even lead to severe skin discolorations that are very difficult to treat.
- DON’T over-peel and/or use laser procedures excessively. You should consult your skin care professional about safe frequency of skin peeling and other anti-aging procedures. Otherwise, you may suffer from adverse effects and in some cases end up with older looking skin.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why Does Skin Age Prematurely?
We all know that our skin ages with time. From the plump, soft and silky smooth baby’s skin to rough, deep wrinkles of an 80-year-old, this reality isn’t a secret anymore. However, if your skin starts to lose fat volume, clumps up, gets wrinkly and shifts downward before reaching your 30th birthday, then you know your skin is aging prematurely, which isn’t right. Why does it happen?
In many cases, lifestyle is to blame why you are looking much older than your age, however, it is not the only culprit in rapid aging of the skin, including under-eye fine lines and wrinkles. Here are some of the common causes:
- Sun exposure, especially when you are exposed to the sun’s UVA and UVB rays without wearing a sun protection
- Unhealthy diet, such as consuming excessive amounts of processed foods, including canned foods and junk food, high amounts of sugar and absence of healthy, fresh whole foods
- High level of stress, including both emotional and physical stress
- Not getting enough sleep, which includes inadequate quantity and quantity of sleep
- Cigarette smoke or nicotine
- Automobile exhaust
- Overconsumption of alcohol
- Reliance on antibiotics
These factors damage the skin by stimulating free-radical production – the major reason why your skin is aging prematurely, causing under-eye wrinkles and fine lines.
What Do You Mean By Free Radical Damage?
You create unstable molecules called free radicals by simply breathing in oxygen and as by-products of metabolism of foods and other vital functions. For instance, the liver produces and uses them for detoxification, and white blood cells send them to fight viruses, bacteria and damaged cells. However,free radicals can also be dangerous to the body because of their unstable nature, which means they are always on the look out for other cells’ chemical components that they lack of or entirely do not have. They have the tendency to “react” with just about anything they come in contact with. Like “muggers,” they rob cells of one of their electrons.
The affected cell (meaning, the cell that got robbed of its election) can go haywire. It can’t function normally anymore and begins to turn some other cells into “electron-muggers,” sparking a chain reaction in the body and spread of free radicals. These “normal-cells-gone-crazy” scenario pushes our immune system’s “soldiers” to lose their control. The immune system becomes overloaded, so instead of cleaning up and destroying the damaged cells, they end up destroying healthy cells and tissues – including your skin.
Free radical’s chemically-reactive nature can cause damage to the very DNA of your skin cell, destroying collagen and elastin the provide strength, tautness and elasticity to the skin. You’ll know free radical damage has taken a toll on your skin when you see premature signs of skin aging, including fine lines, wrinkles and saggy skin.
Is It True Antioxidants Can Protect Us From Free Radical Damage?
When antioxidant levels in the body are higher than those of free radicals, your body can delay or inhibit cellular damage. How? Antioxidants safely interact with free radicals and break the destructive chain reaction before vital molecules are damaged. Antioxidants can also neutralize free radical damage by stopping free radicals from robbing cells of their electron particle, as well as by donating an electron particle to these cells. Antioxidants don’t become unstable while they bring ‘stability’ to ‘instability’.
What Skin Changes Should I Expect As I Get Older?
As you age, a number of skin changes happen, which include:
- Diminishing cellular activity
- Slower skin cell turn over
- Reduced collagen and elastin production
These skin changes can lead to a loss of moisture, lesser tautness and elasticity, as well as the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles.
When Should I Start Using Anti-Aging Creams?
Every person’s skin aging process can be influenced by various factors, but generally speaking, you should start an anti-aging skin care regimen between the age of 25 and 30. Anti-aging creams must be in your beauty kit as soon as you hit 20. Your skin type and age both play a role in choosing the right anti-aging cream, but the most common ingredients to look for are UV filters, hyaluronic acid and others mentioned above.
When Will I See Visible Results Of Using Anti-Aging Creams?
Having much smoother, younger-looking skin can be visible depending on your skin type, condition of the skin and your age. Fortunately, you can see and feel immediate results of using anti-aging creams, such as skin that is moisturized and feels softer. And you will notice that fine lines become less prominent. Long-term benefits include:
- Correcting pigmentation or brightening dark spots
- Minimizing the appearance of wrinkles
- Improving skin renewal
- Promoting deep cellular rejuvenation
Anti-aging creams are not your magic bullet to defy aging, though. It needs diligence to work, which means you need to apply it regularly throughout your life.
Is It Really Necessary To Use An Eye Cream?
Many people thought that applying an eye cream right after smoothing an anti-aging cream to your face feels like an overkill. It’s not. Eye creams target undereye woes, such as dark circles, puffiness around the eyes and crow’s feet, which are different from what anti-aging creams do. And because the skin around the eyes is thinner than the skin in other parts of the body, fine lines tend to appear first in the eye area. That’s why it makes sense to use an eye cream before needing to use an anti-aging cream.
Which Vitamins Are Important For My Skin?
Vitamins play a big role in keeping your skin healthy and protected against environmental elements, including free radical damage.
- Vitamin E An antioxidant that provides skin protection against negative external influences.
- Pro Vitamin B5 A precursor to Vitamin B5, meaning it facilitates faster metabolization to Vitamin B5. As a result, it calms and soothes the skin, and provides it with moisture. In addition, Pro Vitamin B5 helps the skin to regenerate itself overnight.
How Can Stress Contribute To Skin Aging?
You have probably heard it before: Stressing yourself out can make you look older. But does it really make sense? Here’s how stress can contribute to the formation of pesky under eye wrinkles and fine lines.
When you are stressed out, your body reacts the same way it reacts to potential dangers –secreting hormones that respond to a short-term and immediate threat. Stress hormones, including cortisol are produced by the body to help you deal with stress, such as when you have lots of things to do and you need to pull an all-nighter (and basically you’re like a zombie in the morning for not getting enough sleep). You’ll feel these stress hormones are at work before a big event like a few days before your wedding or a business presentation.
Though cortisol can help you get through the day (and night), it can take a toll on your health, including your skin. Cortisol can negatively affect the breakdown of collagen, the proteins in the deeper layers of the skin that bind skin cells together and give skin tautness and strength. Changes in collagen levels and structure can result in wrinkle formation and saggy skin.
While age is a good thing, you can keep it a secret by looking young and not get caught up with premature skin aging woes or “my-age-is-written-all-over-my-face” dilemma. Remember, under-eye fine lines and wrinkles can be improved better if addressed early. So it’s either prevent them or treat them as soon as you see them pop up your face.
Some of the best things you can do reduce wrinkles around the eyes are:
- Sunscreen, sunscreen, sunscreen! Be sun smart because cumulative sun damage cause under-eye fine lines and wrinkles.
- Apply anti-aging creams and eye creams infused with glycolic acid (fruit acids), Vitamin C and Vitamin E with collagen-stimulating properties to help boost production of collagen in the skin.
- Amp it up by adding tretinoin creams, such as Retin-A to your evening skin care regime
- Smooth away fine lines with chemical peels, laser treatments or fillers, depending on their severity.
Age Group : 30 - 55+Rating:
- Lightens dark circles under the eyes
- Minimizes visibility of fine lines wrinkles
- Reduces puffiness and eye bags
Age Group : 30 - 55+Rating:
- Skin firming complex that increases collagen production for smooth skin
- Help prevents wrinkles, Delays Skin Aging
Age Group : 25 - 50+Rating:
- Minimizes fine lines and wrinkles, Repair skin damage
- Noticeably plumps skin
- Fades age spots and Hyper pigmented areas