What Are Under-Eye Fine Lines and Wrinkles?
Under-Eye Fine Lines and Wrinkles are not always associated with senior citizens. They can show up on faces of younger women and make them look older than they really are. Under-Eye Fine Lines and Wrinkles are also called “smile lines” or “crow’s feet.” It is a ridge, fold or crease of one’s under eye skin.
Symptoms of under-eye fine lines and wrinkles are:
- Sensitive skin around eyes – Skin around eyes is thin, and it is prone to damage. That is why the fine lines and wrinkles are easily noticeable. However, before they show up under your eyes, you will notice the skin in that area is more sensitive than usual.
- Lined and creased skin – Wrinkles don’t pop up immediately. When the skin is sensitive, lines and creases will show up. That is the sign that skin under eyes is losing its flexibility.
- Sagging skin – Due to the loss of flexibility, skin is not elastic and starts to sag.
Numerous factors cause under-eye fine lines and wrinkles. Some factors can be prevented, by other ones can’t. Causes of wrinkles under your eyes are:
- Age – Most are result of aging process. The skin under eyes is very thin and in the time it loses its elasticity while becoming more fragile and delicate at the same time. The production of natural oils is decreased which dries the skin under eyes and leads to the appearance of wrinkles.
- Exposure to harmful UV rays – Exposing to sun’s radiation and harmful UV rays leads to various skin conditions and it speeds up natural aging process. UV rays break skin’s connective tissue (collagen and elastin fibers). These connective tissues are situated at a deeper layer of your skin and when they break your skin becomes less flexible and loses its strength. This leads to premature sagging and wrinkling of the skin around your eyes.
- Smoking – It is not harmful to your lungs only, but for the skin around your eyes as well. Smoking accelerates the aging process and increases the wrinkling of your skin. This happens because smoking affects the blood supply.
- Repeating some facial expressions – Facial movements like squinting and smiling and accelerate the wrinkling of your skin. Whenever you use particular muscle, beneath the surface of your skin the groove is formed, due to the skin’s inflexibility it loses its ability to return back to its place.
- Other causes of fine line and wrinkles under eyes are exposure to chemicals and dust, pollution, drug use, poor hydration, stress, decreased the level of vitamin E in the body, etc.
There are two main types of wrinkles under eyes, and they are dynamic and static.
- Dynamic wrinkles are the ones that appear due to facial movements. They are usually results of skin’s creasing while squinting or smiling. Dynamic wrinkles are temporary in younger people and show up only when they smile or make some other facial movement. However, as they age, dynamic wrinkles become permanent. These wrinkles are usually the first sign that your skin is aging because they let you know the collagen in the skin is reduced and skin lost its flexibility.
- Static wrinkles are wrinkles that are not the result of facial movement. They are usually the consequence of aging process. When static wrinkles start appearing, the skin under eyes becomes saggy due to the loss of flexibility. Static wrinkles often show up after the age of 50, but in people who expose to sun frequently and smoke these wrinkles can appear sooner.
What Factors Promote Under-Eye Fine Lines and Wrinkles?
Along with aging process, there are other factors that accelerate the appearance of under-eye fine lines and wrinkles and they are:
- Skin type and color – People with sensitive and light skin are prone to skin damages, especially damages caused by the sun, which can cause the rapid appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
- Genetic factor – If your parents developed fine lines and wrinkles earlier the chances for your skin to develop wrinkles and fine lines are high, and vice versa.
- Hair – Believe it or not, hair can play an important role in wrinkling and creasing of the skin under eyes. Some hairstyles provide enough protection for your face, while some don’t.
- Job – People who work with chemicals or if they are exposed to sun frequently will develop fine lines and wrinkles sooner than people who don’t.
Does Your Eye Skin Need Collagen?
Collagen is a protein which serves as connective tissue and it is of huge importance for skin’s flexibility. However, level of collagen in deeper skin decreases over time which causes sagging and wrinkling of the skin. Our skin is able to replace collagen, but as we age it loses its ability. The skin under eyes needs collagen in order to reduce the fine lines and wrinkles that can be easily visible in that area. In order to protect your skin and prolong the production of collagen you should hydrate your skin on a daily basis, wear sunscreen, and stay away from the sun.
What Treatments and Procedures are Available for Wrinkles?
There are numerous treatments and procedures available for wrinkles and fine lines under your eyes. They are:
- Topical retinoids – Are applied to the skin directly, and they reduce wrinkles and splotches. You should also bear in mind that retinoids can make your skin burn faster and always protect your skin when you are outdoors.
- Wrinkle creams – Their efficiency depends on active ingredients. Some can improve the elasticity of your skin.
Nonprescription wrinkle creams usually don’t have the same effect as creams you get with a prescription.
- Laser treatments – Laser beams destroy the outer layer of your skin while heating the inner layer that stimulates the production of collagen. When the wound heals, the skin is tighter and becomes more flexible. Do not let this discourage you. With the improvement in technology and medical procedures, the doctors have reduced the healing time and increased the efficiency of the procedure.
- Chemical peeling – The doctor burns the outer layer of the skin by applying acid to the affected area. The area where the procedure is conducted gets red and redness can stay up to a week or two.
- Dermabrasion – This treatment includes sanding of affected area with a rotating brush. Sanding removes the surface of your skin and allows the growth of a new layer of the skin.
- Microdermabrasion – Is quite similar to dermabrasion, but it removes only a certain amount of outer layer of your skin. This technique may require up to 16 treatments.
- Botox – Is widely popular. Botulinum toxin types A stops muscles from contracting which leads to smoothness of the skin. It works the best on the skin around the eyes and the effects of botox last up to three or four months.
- Soft tissue fillers – Are injected into the affected part of the skin. Soft tissue fillers include collagen, fat, and hyaluronic acid gel. They plump and smooth wrinkles and lines. The effect of this procedure is temporary, and it is recommended to repeat it after a few months.
- Skin tightening – Is usage of devices that heat and tighten your skin. This treatment is noninvasive and provides good results. The results of this procedure develop gradually between 4 and 6 months. Unlike other procedures, this one has no recovery time.
- Face-lift – This procedure involves removing excess fat and skin from your entire face in order to make wrinkles around eyes and other areas to disappear. It usually lasts up to ten years.
Results of all procedures and treatments depend on the depth of one’s wrinkles. The aging of the skin cannot be stopped, and if you decide to get some procedure done, you will have to repeat it again after a certain amount of time.
Do’s and Don’ts
- DO use moisturizing creams that contain minerals, vitamins, hyaluronic acid and antioxidants.
- DO use topical ingredients and Vitamin C.
- DO exfoliate. Exfoliation keeps your skin younger.
- DON’T use hydroquinone creams because they usually contain other ingredients that can dry and damage your skin.
- DON’T over peel and over-laser your skin. Doing it from time to time is good and can help with wrinkles and fine lines under eyes. However, if you do it constantly it can invoke the opposite effect and make your skin look older.
- DON’T use sunscreen that is included in your foundation or moisturizer. Some people rely only on makeup with SPF effect and nothing else. That is a wrong approach. It is recommended to use regular sunscreen for better effect.
Prevention Tips for Under-Eye Fine Lines and Wrinkles
Fine lines and wrinkles cannot be stopped if they are results of aging. However, wrinkles and fine lines show up due to many other factors (as discussed above). Therefore, you can prevent them from showing up and reduce fine lines and wrinkles by following these tips:
- Wear sunscreen – Like it was mentioned above, it is a mistake to use only makeup products or moisturizers that come with SPF effect. In order to prevent wrinkles from showing up, make sure you apply sunscreen whenever you’re going out.
- Avoid the sun – Especially during summer. Sun and its harmful UV rays are one of the main reasons for the accelerating appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. In order to prevent them from showing up, stay away from the sun.
- Don’t smoke – Smoking can damage your skin and blood supply which leads to the formation of wrinkles because the skin loses its flexibility. Moreover, smoking is just bad anyway.
- Get enough sleep – Not getting enough sleep causes your body to produce excess cortisol which breaks down skin cells. On the other hand, getting adequate sleep will result in producing of Human growth hormone that improves the elasticity of your skin.
- Sleep on your back – Certain sleeping positions affect your skin. Sleeping on the side increases the appearance of wrinkles.
- Do not squint – It is easier just to get reading glasses and make your life easier.
- Eat fish – Fish is an excellent source of protein and Omega 3 fatty acids that nourish your skin.
- Eat fruit and vegetables – They are rich in vitamins, minerals and nutrients that are beneficial for your skin. Your body needs Vitamins, and you should try to eat foods rich in Vitamin C as much as you can.
- Moisturize and hydrate – That is extremely important for the elasticity of the skin.
- Stay away from alcohol – Alcohol can damage your skin and accelerate wrinkling.
- Be active – Exercise and improve the flexibility of your skin.
Does age Play a Role in Under-eye Fine Lines and Wrinkles?
Yes. Aging is one of the most frequent causes of wrinkling and formation of fine lines under eyes. However, the wrinkles related to aging usually show up after the age of 50. Other factors like smoking and sun exposure can cause wrinkles under eyes sooner.
Does Diet Cause Under-Eye Fine Lines and Wrinkles?
Unhealthy food can speed up wrinkling process because it has no nutritional value. Your diet should include a lot of fruits, vegetables, fish and other healthy foods rich with vitamins, minerals, and Omega 3 fatty acids. These nutrients can improve the elasticity of your skin and prevent the skin under your eyes from sagging and wrinkling.
Does Cream Help to Reduce Under-eye Fine Lines and Wrinkles?
Depends. Sometimes Nonprescription creams are effective and sometimes not while prescription creams can also help with the wrinkles and fine lines under eyes. However, the best thing to do is to stay away from sun and hydrate your skin.
Under-eye fine lines and wrinkles are usually related to aging process, but their appearance can be result of other factors. Since the aging process can’t be stopped, there are some things and steps you can take in order to prevent the appearance of wrinkles and have a healthy and young-looking skin.